- What are
the main reasons for getting a WHS 2011?
Most common use for Home
Environment is to backup all your home PCs and store all media in one place.
- DVDs and Blu-Rays
- and anything else you want
Can WHS 2011 work for my business?
Just because they call it HOME server
it certainly does not mean that it is for home use only. Microsoft recommend WHS
2011 for any small business with up to 10 users.
WHS 2011 is
based directly on Microsoft Server 2008 R2 (Their Big Boy of Servers) edition
with some limitations imposed. Such as limit to 10 users, no Active Directory
and some other Domain Based features.
The core of WHS 2011 is Server 2008
R2. Most programs compatible with R2 will work on WHS 2011.
experience WHS is perfect for small businesses with up to 10 workstations. Most
of our clients are small business owners using WHS for number of years.
You can use RAID configuration to
protect your data and/or external backups as well. Hot Swappable drive backup is
a very popular option for an additional backup of the most critical data on a
swappable HD which can be placed in an offsite location. Click here for more
User security is fully customizable.
Remote access to files can be easily setup and full backup of all your
workstation can be performed daily. Plus you don't need a degree in Computer
Science to run it.
WHS 2011 has been working great for
our own office and many of our business clients.
They are several server levels
available from Microsoft. They are all based on the same platform of R2 Server.
The major difference between them is
number of users allowed on the network and of course the cost.
- Windows Home Server 2011
- Windows Small Business Server
Essentials 25 PCs
- Windows Small Business Server
- Windows Server 2008 R2 Version
All servers sold by us are compatible
with all of Operating Systems Server Levels.
All servers listed
include WHS 2011. They are fully installed, updated and in ready to go
However, if you are interested in
other versions of Windows Server Operating Systems please contact us for a
- How many
Computers can be connected to the server?
Limit for Users and Computers is 10
- What can 1
30 Blu-Ray Movies
165 DVD Movies
16,600 hours of MP3 music
* Above is approximation only
- Can I add
Hard Drives later?
Yes, but the process depends on your
Motherboard and RAID level.
If you have a Pair of HDs in RAID 1,
then you can add 1 or 2 more Pairs depending on empty SATA Connectors.
Motherboards usually come with 4 o 6 Connectors.
If you have a RAID 5 with Intel
Motherboard then you can have up 6 Hard Drives. You can add them one at a time
if you wish.
If you do not have RAID then you can
add drives into empty SATA connectors.
- Can I add
a Hard Drive by myself?
Yes, as long as you know what you are
It is not hard, you just have to be
careful not to damage or unplug anything.
If you choose to add anything to the
server you are doing so at your own risk.
- Can I add
a DVD drive?
Yes, DVD drives are not necessary for
WHS 2011 normal operations but they are the most added item.
If you think you may want a DVD
drive, it is best and probably safest to add it during assembly. We do
offer a DVD Writer at a discounted rate.
Please see our
Page for more details.
- Can I
customize my server?
Of course, just let us know your
needs and requirements and we will be happy to come up with some options for
You can email us at:
- Can I
upgrade components of my server?
Please click on the picture of the
motherboard in the Servers Page (auction).
Intel based motherboards usually are
compatible with CPUs up to i7.
Ram memory usually can be up to 16 or
There are empty PCI or PCIe slots
available for add-on cards.
- Can I
upgrade from a previous version of WHS (v1.0)?
Well ... kind of.
There is no upgrade procedure
available. But you can backup your data and restore it into a new WHS 2011.
- Old WHS
v1.0 vs. WHS 2011?
WHS 2011 is a 64-bit operating
System. It runs faster and you DO NOT have a limit of 4GB RAM as it is with
WHS 2011 is based on Microsoft Server
2008 R2, which is much better and more stable then Server 2003 (base for v1)
V1 had a Drive Extender, WHS 2011
Dashboard and Console (old Dashboard)
look similar. WHS 2011 has better help Menus and step by step Help.
WHS 2011 looks more like Vista or Win
7, v1 was more of a XP look.
WHS has built in Media Server, v1 did
- Does WHS
2011 has Drive Extender?
No. Drive extender was a feature of
old WHS (v1). Any Hard Drives in your server could be added into your continues
storage pool, represented as a single drive (Usually D). You could then select
which folder would duplicate as long as you had 2 or more physical Hard Drives
In WHS 2011 data backup/redundancy
has to be done in different ways, such as RAID or external backup.
With RAID 5 you can add more HDs to
increase your storage size at any time. Number of drives in single RAID array is
limited by number of SATA connectors on the motherboard (usually 6). After that
you can expend your storage by adding an additional controller card.
- What is
In short RAID is a way
of grouping Hard Drives together on a hardware level which provides redundancy
in case of a hard drive failure.
If one drive fails, server will alert
you and you can replace it without loosing any of your data and while your server
is still running.
Most commonly used RAID levels are:
RAID 0 -
Combine multiple drives into 1 drive. Data is recorded across all the drives at
the same time speeding up read/write functions, but offers no
RAID 1 -
Known as Mirror. Data is stored on 2 Drives at the same time. You loose 50% of
RAID 5 -
Data is stored across 3 or more Drives. No matter how many drives you have you
will only loose space equal to one drive.
For Example: 3x2TB in RAID 5 will give you 4TB of usable space. 4x2TB will give
You can add more drives to a RAID 5 array at anytime.
Here are some link with more detailed
- How about RAID
- Is a combination of RAID 0 and 1, which means that RAID 10 has 2+ Mirror
Sets connected together. It protects against 2 Hard Drives failing at the same
time but only if those drives are on separate Mirror sets.
RAID 10 offers better performance
then RAID 5 however loss of storage space to redundancy is at 50% and you must have at least 4 Hard
Drives which makes this option expensive. For that reason we would only
recommend Raid 10 to business customers where extra protection and extra
performance would justify its additional cost.
- What is True Available Hard Drive
advertise hard drives space using rounded decimal system. 1TB=1000 GB, 1GB =
1000 MB, 1MB=1000 KB, 1KB=1000 bytes
However this is not
what actual size of the HD is, because in computer terms 1KB=1024 bytes not
This formula rounding
creates a discrepancy between advertised and actual storage space.
When Hard Drive is
installed into a computer the storage spaces shown as available is actual/true
size of the drive.
Formula for true hard
drive space uses 1024 dividers rather then 1000 for each of the 3 levels (GB,
For example to
calculate true storage space of 2TB Hard Drive you would do following:
2,000,000,000 (2TB) /
1024 /1024 /1024 = 1.863 TB of true storage space.
This applies to all
Hard Drives on the market.
- What is an External Backup?
You can use any
external backup devices, such as USB drives, for your server backup.
If your system has
RAID that external backup is not necessary.
- Can I backup my workstations onto the server?
Yes, WHS 2011 will
enter your workstation (PC) into a backup schedule once you will install a
Connector on that machine.
Backup can be
customized for each of your workstations.
- How do I backup the server?
If you have RAID on
your server then your data is already backup.
If not, please use any
external backup device, Swappable Hard Drive Bay or an extra internal Hard
- AMD vs. Intel Processors and motherboards?
AMD does have quality
experience has always been with Intel products.
We do use
occasionally AMD CPUs on servers with no RAID or RAID 1 (Mirror), but for RAID
5 and any of the high-end servers we only use Intel CPUs.
- Which processor would work best for my needs?
Most of our servers
are listed with Intel Pentium Dual Core G620 CPU.
It is an excellent
processor, far exceeding any requirements for WHS 2011.
We can always upgrade
your CPU all the way up to i7 family. Just email us for a price quote at
- What is Swappable Hard Drive bay?
It is a Bay which
goes into the 5.25'' server slot (DVD Slot).
It makes it easy to
add a Hard Drive into your server.
Hard Drives can be
used to extend your storage space or as a backup drive.
- How can I use a Swappable Hard Drive bay
for Offsite backup?
Many of our Business
customers, as well as some Home users, take advantage of a Swappable Bays to
create an additional backup of the most critical data in case of any
disastrous event, such as flood, fire, etc. (knock knock).
You can place any
size SATA HD (currently up to 4TB) into a swap bay depending on the size of
data you will need to backup.
We will provide you
with a trial version of a synchronization program, which you can later
purchase directly from its designer (around $35).
Synch program will
let you schedule periodic (daily, weekly, etc.) or real-time synchronization
of selected folders into the HD in a Swappable Bay.
Program will monitor
for changes to those folders and copy files over.
All files on the
backup drive will be in their native format (not compressed) so you can take
that drive and access everything as it was on the server. If anything happens
to your entire server, you can connect the backup drive to any other Server or
PC and access your files as they were in just minutes.
To properly maintain
this backup at offsite location, you will need TWO Hard Drives and two
swappable trays ($23/bay). One drive will be in the server being synched and
the other drive will be at offsite location. Periodically the drives should be
exchanged in order to keep backup data current.
- What is included with WHS 2011?
Besides what's listed
in the servers ad/auction you will receive the following:
- Microsoft Windows
Home Server 2011 Package (Install DVD, Restore, Client CD and COA)
- Motherboard Manual
- Motherboard Drivers
- Quick Setup Guide
- Detailed Receipt
for your Purchase
- Can you suggest useful websites for WHS 2011?
- Do I need a surge protector?
Yes, a good one.
You should protect
your investment and your data.
The best option would
be an Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS)
It doesn't have to be
expensive. Battery uptime doesn't have to be very long. However, UPS
devices protect server from power surges, voltage fluctuations and other
potentially harmful electrical events.
does WHS 2011 handle Hard
Drives, Folders and Partitions?
Drives and Partitions:
WHS 2011 needs an Operating
System Partition (usually around
60GB - "C"), and the remainder
of of storage space will be
assigned to a DATA drive
WHS 2011 storage and sharing is
based on Folders not Hard
Drives. There are some preset
folders, such as Documents,
Music, Videos already installed
on your server. You can add any
additional folders at any time
and share them with all or
happens if I need to reinstall
You can use WHS 2011 Server's
Installation DVD. If your server
does not have a internal DVD you
can use external USB DVD drive.
A lot easier and much faster is
to reinstall from out Factory
This option appears for 5
seconds on Boot Up. It will
allow you to restore OS
partition to its original state.
happens if one of Hard Drives
If you do not have a RAID
system, your drive would need to
be replaced and data restored
from external backup.
If you have RAID 1 or RAID 5
your server will continue
running but you will receive a
message about hard drive
failure. There are a few checks
and fixes that can be run, but
if the hard drive is not working
it will need to be replaced with
a drive of the same size. 2TB
You can then use RAID Manager to
rebuild your RAID storage to a
- Do I
have to ship the server back for
any repairs or just a defective
If you know what you are doing
you can take out a Hard Drive,
RAM or DVD drive and send it
back to us instead of the
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